极速赛车

今天是
勤廉先锋
勤廉先锋
刘梦溪: 文化的张力

学人小传

  liumengxi,zhumingwenshixuezhe,shandonghuangxian(jinlongkoushi)ren,1941nianshengyuliaoning,zhongguorenmindaxue1961jizhongguowenxuezhuanyebiye,xianweizhongguoyishuyanjiuyuanzhongshenyanjiuyuan、zhongguowenhuayanjiusuochuangsuosuozhang、zhongguowenhuashihexueshusixiangshifangxiangboshishengdaoshi,《zhongguowenhua》zazhichuangbanrenjianzhubian,zhongyangwenshiyanjiuguanguanyuan,zhejiangdaxueqiushijiangzuojiaoshoujianmayifushuyuanyuanzhang,zhangqizhiliyusixiangwenhuashi、mingqingwenxuesichaohejinxiandaixueshusixiangyanjiu。

  阅读印象

  mengxixianshengshijisusaichejingyangdexueshumingsudajia。jisusaicheyuxianshengdeyuanyuankeshangsudao20shiji80niandai。zaijisusaichesuogoude《1984nianwenxueyishugaiping》zhong,youyipianwenzhangtanjixianzufu(tangbingzheng)de《chuci》yanjiu,qijieyushi: “tangbingzhengxianshengdewenzhang,henyoushuofuli,kanlai《lisao》zuoyuhuainanwangliuanzhilun,keyixiuyi。”zheibenzhongguowenlianlilunyanjiushidangnianbiandexueshuniankan,“zhuchibianxie”zhezhengshimengxixiansheng。

  sihouzai20shiji80niandaimozhi90niandaichu,zaidumengxixianshengdezhushu,xuanjibeixianshengdecai、xue、shisuozhefu。youqishitayouguanchenyinkedexilielunzhu,ru《lunchenyinkedexueshuchuanghuoheyanjiufangfa》《“jiechuanxiushi”: chenyinkeyu〈liurushibiechuan〉dezhuanshuzhiqu》《chenyinkexueshusixiangdejingshenyidi》deng,mobuluojichuantouliqiang,jingyifencheng,huofaqianxiuzhisuoweifa,huoweishiyanzhisuoweizhi,queshishi“yanchen”zhiyouweibacuizhe。

  mengxixianshengzaihuainianzhangshunhuide《xuejiansibudeguoxuedashi》zhongcengshuo: “(cai、xue、shi)sanzhezhizhong,shizuinan,yigengkegui。”cilunshendewuxin。shuodaoxianshengzhi“shi”,chudu《〈zhongguowenhua〉chuangkanci》dezhenhan,zhijinyouzaixinzhongjidang——

  “benkanquerenwenhuabizhengzhigengyongjiu,xueshunaitianxiazhigongqi,zhiqiuqishi,bubiaoqiyi。xin,guranshirenxinsuoxiangwang;jiu,yiweirenqingsuoyilian。”“zaixueshushangyingtebiezhongshizhongguochuantong,zaiguangweijinaguowaidegezhongxinguannian、xinxueshuo、xinfangfadetongshi,kekebuwangbenminzudelishidiwei;zaifangfashang,tichangcongyigeyigedejutiwentirushou……zhuzhanghongguanyuweiguanjiehe、sibianyushizhengjiehe、xinxueyupoxuejiehe。”

  wangmengshinianqiancengshuo: “shigeershinian,youkan《zhongguowenhua》dechuangkanci,xiedehaizhenshibucuo。”

  weizhuanxieciwen,jinbannianlai,jisusaicheyoujianghanzhaisuozangxianshengdezhushu,pengduyiguo,bingzuolebiji,jixiaganxiang,haicengzhuanmenqingjiaowushidaimingxianxiansheng,daishiyiaidumengxixianshengdewenzhang。liangqichaocengzai《qingdaixueshugailun》zhongpingshuozijidewenzhang: “pingyichangda……bifengchangdaiqinggan,duiyuduzhe,bieyouyizhongmoliyan。”

  jisusaicheduimengxixianshengdewenzhang,yizuorushiguan。

  学术转变

  danzhisanshiyunianguoqu,ermengxixianshengzaoyichengweijisusaicheguoxueshujieyiweibiaozhixingrenwu。tazaisigefangmiandechengguofeiran: yishidui20shijizhongguoxiandaixueshusixiangherenwudeyanjiu;ershiduizhongguowenhuashihexueshusixiangshideyanjiu;sanshiduiguoxueyuliujingdeyanjiu;sishichuangbanzhongguowenhuayanjiusuoyu《zhongguowenhua》zazhi,yichuanboyuchuanchengzhonghuawenhuaweijiren,sanshinianruyiri,shizhibuyu。

  20shiji70niandaimozhi80niandaichu,shimengxixianshengxueshusixiangdezijisusaichezhuanbianjieduan,zheizhuyaoshiyouwenxueyanjiuzhuanxiangxueshusixiangshiyanjiu。yindaotafashengxueshuzhuanbiande,nai20shijidesanweixueshudashi——wangguowei、chenyinkeheqianzhongshu。qianhouduonianshijian,xianshengxinwupangwu、yeyijiridiyanduwang、chen、qiandezhuzuo。xianshengdefurenchenzufenlaoshixieguoyipian《buganjianqianzhongshuxiansheng》dewenzhang,qizhongshuodao: “zaibashiniandai,ruguonizaibeijingdejietouxiangwei,kandaoyigeren,huozhezaigonggongqicheshang,huozhezailushang,zaishuxia,zaiqiangbian,zairenhedifang,dounazheshukan,zheigerenkandeyidingshi《guanzhuibian》huozhe《tanyilu》。”zheixianranfeiwenxuemiaoxie,ershibaohanganqingdejishi。mengxixianshengzijiyeshuo,qianzhongshudezhuzuotadequedudehenshu,meiyiben、meiyipianzhishaodouzaisanbianyishang,duqiandebijiyeyouhaoduoce。duchenyinke、wangguoweiyiran。

  zheixieyueducushimengxixianshengkaishileyixianghaodadexueshugongcheng,jizheshoubianzuan“zhongguoxiandaixueshujingdian”congshu,jingxuanwanqingminguoyilaixiandaixuezhedezhuzuo44jia、35juan、gong2000yuwanzi,1990nianzhi1996nian,jiqinianzhigongshijingqiyi。hebeijiaoyuchubansheyu1997nianjiangqichuban,yinianhuo“zhongguoguojiatushujiang”。

  “zhongguoxiandaixueshujingdian”congshujiagoudezhongguoxiandaixueshuzhishipuxi,buzhiyuwang、qian、chen,duizhangtaiyan、liangqichao、caiyuanpei、xiongshili、mayifu、wumi、fusinian、fengyoulan、jinyuelin、zhangyinlin、chenmengjia、zhangshunhuideng20duoweixiandaixueshurenwu,junzhuanyouzhuanlunhuohelun。erhouyoucheng《xiandaixuerendexinyang》yishu。

  mayifuyanjiuzeshimengxixianshengxinkaichudeyigexueshugean,suoxiagongfujinciyuchenyinkeyanjiu,qianhoushinian,zuihouwenshile“yimajiema”dexueshuzhuanzhu《mayifuyuguoxue》。xianshengshuo——

  “jisusaichedexueshuxingquzhongjianfashenglezhuanyi,jisusaichexihuanshanglemayifu。benlaishiyanjiuwang、chen、qian,yidanjinruma,qitajiuzanqietuihoule。mayifuzai20shijidashizhong,shixuewenzuihaodeyiwei。shixuehekaojuxuefangmian,mayifuqianmianzidangyouren,danyilixue,duizhongguosixiangyilidefenshufangmian,jisusaichekanbuchuyousheinengchaoguota。”

  mengxixianshengyanjiujinxiandangdaixueshusixiangdezuizhongyaochengguo,shoutuitawei“zhongguoxiandaixueshujingdian”congshuxiedezongxu,zheijiushizhumingde《zhongguoxiandaixueshuyaolve》。1996nianniandi,dangzheipianzongxuyisigezhengbandepianfuzai《zhonghuadushubao》kanzaishi,keyishuoyinqixueshujiebuxiaodehongdong,laoshishuoxuekouerxiangchuan,doushuoliuxianshengfabiaole“dawenzhang”。

  zheipian“dawenzhang”fabiaohoudecinian2yue16ri,zaimengxixianshengjiazhaokaileyicigaoguigexueshukentanhui。daiyi、pangpo、tangyijie、lizehou、lishenzhi、yudunkang、wangjunyidengxuejiedajiaxijiedaochang,fayanrelie,bingbanyiyouqudezhenglun。daiyixianshengzaishixianjixianshengdexinli,dui《zhongguoxiandaixueshuyaolve》chengsongyoujia,danfayanshizejingzhizhichu,naxieshibunengbuhuidadewenti,haiyounaxiewentibuyihulve。pangpoxianshengshuo,ciwenzuidadewenti,shiduiqianbeixuezhezhiyou“yangshi”,meiyou“fushi”,zhanzaiqianbeidejianshangzhuluncaishiheshidetaidu。yudunkangxianshengzeburentongpangdeshuofa,tichuyiwangdejiaoyu,qiahaoshizhiyou“fushi”,weineng“yangshi”。lishenzhixianshengweihuanjieqifen,shuotajibu“fushi”,yebu“yangshi”,ershi“kuishi”。

  rujin,li(shenzhi)、tang(yijie)、pang(po)、yu(dunkang)zhugongdouyizuogu,menggongfushangneizhonggaopengmanzuo、daruzhibiandechangjingyiburongyizaixianle。

  shinianhoude2008nian,《zhongguoxiandaixueshuyaolve》yousanlianshudianchubandanxingben,youshinianhoude2019nianchubanzengdingben,zheishimengxixianshengzichengyijiazhiyandexueshushizhizuo,zhongdianlunshudesuishixiandaixueshuyurenwu,danduizhongguochuantongxueshuyiyiqiansizhangdepianfu,duosuolunlie,erqieshengyifenchen,doushizhangqiyansijileidechuanghuo。rushuo“xueshusixiangshirenleilixingrenzhidexitonghua,shiminzujingshendelixingzhiguang”“jishunshiershengyouyishierlishixueshusixiangdetedian。zhuanyifengqi、gaibianxisu,xuezhezhiliqutansiyuyoubumiezhigongyan”,yiji“xueshusixiangdelongtiyubianyishizhongguowenhuashishangzuizhuangguandeyimu。jiuyulishixingchengdebijiaoeryan,keyishuoyidaiyouyidaidexueshu;danyidinglishishiqiruguomeiyoulingwaidexueshuoyuzhijiehanghexianghuzhuangji,zhanjuzhuliudiweidexueshuoneibubianhuifenlie、neihaonaizhizibi”dengdeng,doushilingrenjingxingdechuangpishengjie。

  由文入史

  mengxixianshengdexueshulicheng,jingguole“youwenrushi”he“youshirujing”deguocheng。ruguoshuo,20shiji80niandaizhibenshijiqianshinian,shi“youwenrushi”deguocheng,neimechu《zhongguoxiandaixueshuyaolve》《xiandaixuerendexinyang》yijigengzaode《xueshusixiangyurenwu》zhiwai,tadezhuanmenyanjiuchenyinkeyuyiningzhixuedesanshu,ji《chenbaozhenhehunanxinzheng》《chenyinkedexueshuo》《chenyinkelungao》,yingshi“youwenrushi”geanyanjiudezhongyaochengguo。

  《chenyinkedexueshuo》shiduichenshixueshuotixineibugouzaodeshujie,《chenyinkelungao》zeshiduichenshixueshuotixiwaibuxueshuchudiandezhulun。zhidezhuyideshi,mengxixianshengrenwei,zuoweishixuejiadechenyinke,zaitadezhuzuozhongyijinggoujianleyigelishiwenhuaxueshuodexueshutixi,qizhongbaokuoduliziyoudexueshujingshen、zhongtixiyongdewenhuataidu、“youjiaowulei”dewenhuayuzhongzudexueshuo、dutedechanshixueheshishihuzhengdeyanjiufangfadeng。

  mengxixianshengde“yanchen”shijiangchenxueheyiningzhixuejieheqilaide,jiyanjiuyinlaobenshendexueshusixianghexueshujingshen,tongshiyiyanjiutadejiaxueyuanyuanheyiningchenshiyizudeyoumeimenfeng。zai“yanchen”detongshi,xianshengyouyanjiulezhongguoxiandaixueshushishangyuchenshiguanxizuimiqiedewangguowei,zhizhechengwei“wangchenbingzhi”。tade《wangguoweiyuchenyinke》yishujuwenjinqijijiangwenshi,buguocongyiduguode《wangjinganxianshengsixiangxuexingchuanlun》《wangguoweiyuxiandaixueshudedianli》《wangguoweideshizhongmaodunhezuihouguisu》sanpianzhanglaikan,qisouluocailiaozhixiangshi、shishihaiyuankaozhengzhixizhihesixiangjuefazhishenru,junjianchumengxixianshengduixiandaixueshukaishanwangguoweizheiyixueshugeansuozuoyanjiudeyanjiehegongli。

  zhengshijiyuzheiyangdelijie,mengxixianshengtebiezhuyiyinlaoduishizhongzhishiheshizhongzhishideshencengfajue,yijiduilishishijianshencengjiegouhelishirenwuxinlijiegoudefafusuoyin,bingbacizhongguanzhukuozhandaoduichenbaozhenhechensanlideyanjiuzhizhong。zuimingxiandeshi,tatongguojieduchensanli《sanyuanjingsheshi》zhongmeinianchunqiuliangjifunanchangxishansuoxiedeshuaihejimudengshizuo,duichenbaozhenxiciximizhicisidegonganyouzhuduofafusuoyin,congerzhengshiciyigonganshijishangshilishidebenzhen。

  《chenbaozhenhehunanxinzheng》dezuihouyizhang《chenbaozhenzhisidemituanjiqiujie》,quanwenliantongzhushiyuwuwanyan,jiushiweichedijieciyianershelide。tebieshigaizhangdediqijie“cixidediercishaji”hedibajie“chensanlidedaohoufudihuodong”,qiyouguanbeijingheshishidekaoding,tebietouguochensanlishiwenfuhuodangshirendexinlihechangjing,faxianlexuduodanchundeshixuekaozhengsuoweijijiandeyinzangdelishimianxiang。

  mengxixianshengjianweizhizhu、fafusuoyindegongfu,weiyixieyanjiuwuxubianfashidedajiasuotuixu。yangtianshixianshengrenwei,menggongdui《wuxuzhengbianhechenbaozhenzhisi》dekaozheng,“sixiangyanmi,kaozhengjingxi”,“shiduijindaizhengzhishiyanjiufeichangzhongdadegongxian”。

  zheilihaixutijimengxixianshengdelingyibuzhuzuo——《zhongguowenhuadekuangzhejingshen》。cishupianfubuda,budaoshiwanzi,danfenliangkeshibuqing。xianshengyikongzilunkuangjuandeyiduanjingdianmingyan(“budezhongxingeryuzhi,biyekuangjuanhu。kuangzhejinqu,juanzheyousuobuweiye。”)zuoweiquanshudeyuanqihegangling,shizhengdao: “‘kuang’he‘juan’detedian,doushibuzhuiqiusipingbawen,zhibuguoyigejicuzaojin,xiwangjinkuaibashiqingbanhao,yigejuniyukuo,renweibuyidingshenmeshiqingdouban。‘kuang’he‘juan’douyouzijidulidesixiangheduliderenge。”bingjucitichu: “kongzidekuangjuansixiangzaizhongguosixiangwenhuashishangjuyougexindeshenzhigemingdeyiyi。tebieshi‘shi’jiecengyijiqinhanyihoushehuidezhishirenhewenhuarende‘kuangzhejingshen’,shishishangyijingchengweiyishuyurenwenxueshuchuangzaolizijisusaichefashudeyuanquan。”

  《zhongguowenhuadekuangzhejingshen》yiqiduteshijiaohechuangfajingshen,dedaolehaiwaixuezhedeqinglai,hanguocatholicdaxuehanhuijingjiaoshou,benlaizhengzhiliyubamengxixianshengde《hongloumengyubainianzhongguo》fanyichenghanwen,dandangtakandao《zhongguowenhuadekuangzhejingshen》yishuhou,juedingxianfanyicishu,binghenkuaiyouhanguoshutanzichubansheyu2015nianchubanfaxing,shumingyizuo《kuangzhededansheng——zhongguokuangrenwenhuashi》。mengxixianshengzaihanwenbanzixuzhongxiedao——

  “lishidezhexuemingtiyuanlaishizheiyang: yigeshehuiruguomeiyoukuangjuanle,yejiushirendezhutiyizhideziyoushiqule,neimezheigeshehuiyejiutingzhile。dankuangyouzheng、xie: kuangzhizhengzhe,youyiyushidaorenxin;kuangzhixiezhe,yikeweiyao。suoyixuyao‘caizhi’。zhengshizaiciyiyiyicengmian,zhongyong、zhongdao、zhongxingkeyichengweijiezhikuangjuandechuifanshengdao。takeyifachutianlaizhiyin,jingshizaixianjingbianmingxingderenmen,zuoyoudouyouxuanya,qianxingmoxianqugou。taishigongqibuyunhu: ‘suibunengzhi,ranxinxiangwangzhi。’qishiyuzhourenshengdezhidao,doushikecankewuerbukeshixingdejuedui。”

  由史入经

  zai21shijidediergeshinian,mengxixianshengwanchengle“youshirujing”dezhuanbian,erzheiyiguochengshitongguoyanjiumayifuerjinrude。tade《mayifuyuguoxue》suiyitiyimingshu,shijishangqueshiguanyumaxianshengdexueshusixiangchuanlun,jishulichuanzhudeshengpingzhishi,youtanjiuqixueshusixiang。

  tongguoshenyanmayifuqirenqixue,mengxixianshengrenwei: “maxianshengdexueshusixiangxizhichengsongxueerlai,tebieshouzhuzideyingxiangzhiweimingxian。dantadesixiangyiliduoweiyuanchuangdufa,‘liuyilun’he‘yilimingxianglun’keshiweitadeliangxiangjiweizhongyaodexuelifaming,zuyizaixiandaixueshusixiangshishangxianchuguanghui。”youshuo: “mayifudexueshusixiangtixi,keyiyong‘xinyilixueshuo’liming,qixueligouchengwei‘liuyilun’he‘yilimingxianglun’liangbufen,qifangfazeshirufohuchanhehuitongrufo。”

  weihechengmayifudeyilixueshuowei“xinyilixueshuo”?mengxixianshengrenwei,zheishizhenduisongrudeyilixueshuoeryan。songrurongfoerpifo,maxianshengqueshirufoweiyitizhiliangmian,zhishimingyanhuajizhibutongeryi。zhengshiyouyu“yilimingxianglun”detichuhejianli,maxianshengcongxuelicengmian,basongrudeyilixueshuohefoxuedeyilizhenghezaiyiqile。

  mengxixianshengsuozuogongfu,yishibianming“liuyi”he“liujing”yuanliu;ershijinruliujingdewenbenaojiao,juefaliujingdejiazhilunli。weici,talianxufabiaoxiliezhuanlunhetonglun,gongjishiyuwanyan。《jingyilun》《lichengpian》《lunhetong》《lunzhichi》dengshixianshengzhuanlundedaibiaowenzi,er《liujingdejiazhilunli: zhongguowenhuagongxianjirenleidegongtongjiazhi》zeshiguanyuzheiyiyitidezonglunhetonglun。

  mayifuxianshengde“liuyilun”heguoxuelunshiyitizhieryi,zhongxindingyi“liuyizhixue”weiguoxuede“guoxuelun”。weici,mengxixianshengxiedao: zhiyourucilidingguoxuedeneihan,guoxuecaiyoukenengchengweiyidandudexueke,yuwenshizhezhukemenbuxiangzhongdie。zhonghuawenhuajuyouhengdingyiyidejiazhilinianxizai“liujing”,yi“liujing”weiguoxue,keyishiguoxuejinruxiandaijiaoyutixi。

  mayifuxianshengde“liuyilun”baokuo“liuyizhidao”“liuyizhijiao”“liuyizhiren”sanxianglianguandesixiangfanchou,guoxuejiaoyukeyitongguo“liuyizhijiao”,chuanbo“liuyizhidao”,congerpeiyang“liuyizhiren”。“guoxue”zheiyigainian,zaizhongguogudaibenzhiguolixuexiao,jiqiannianlaiyizhiruci。dangwanqingwaixuedaguimojinru,zhishirenshifansiguyouchuantong,caiyouzuoweiyimenxuewendeguoxuegainiandetichu。mengxixianshengshidangdaixuejiezuixitongbianxiguoxuegainiandelishiheyihandexuezhe,cong2006niankaishi,taxianhoufabiao《lunguoxue》《guoxuebianyi》《lunguoxuezhineihanjiqishijiao》,chanshidexitongxiangjin、yuanliucanran,keyirenweiyilingciwentishengyiwuduo。

  mayifuxiansheng1938nianjiangxueyuzhejiangdaxue,shouxiantichuguoxuegainianyingruhebianxidewenti,bingyifoxueyuyanjiang“kaidingguoxuemingyi”weijiangti,zhijiezhiyi“jinrenyiwuguoguyoudexueshumingweiguoxue”delunshu,ertichu“jinkaidingguoxuezhe,jishiliuyizhixue”dexindeguoxuedingyi。maxianshengciyiguoxuedingyibeiyinmeiqishinianzhihou,xingdemengxixianshengshiduonianlaiyizaiweizhichanfa,xianzaicaijianweixueshujiaoyujiesuolijieyujieshou。

  mengxixianshengshuo: “mayifu……zheigedingyinenggouzhunquedifanyingguoxuedejibenyihan,yegengrongyihexiandairendejingshenshijiexianglianjie。zheishiwanquankeyiyudongxifangrenheyiguodexueshuqubiekailaideyuanchuxueshudianfan,shijisusaicheguodushengduchuangduyoudeminzuwenhuadezixingzhiyuan,tongshiyeshizhonghuaxueshudejingdianyuansou。jikeyiweidao,youkeyiweijiao,youkeyiyuren。”“jisusaichezuifuyingdejiushimaxianshengdezheigedingyi……maxianshengzaoyibeibianyuanhuale,meiyourenjiangtadedingyiduiyubudui。jisusaichejinnianyanjiuma,suoyitebiezhuyitadezheigedingyi,juedezheigedingyizhenzhengbaguoxuedebenyuanjiangqingchule。”

  文化坚守

  dangjisusaichemianduimengxixianshengdexuewenshijieshi,budebutijiyoutachuangbanhezhubiande《zhongguowenhua》zheiyimingkan,zhijinyijingzhengzhengsanshinianle,qiduiyanjiuyuchuanbozhongguowenhuasuozuodegongxian,weihaineiwaixueshujierenshiyoumugongdu。

  20shiji80niandaide“wenhuare”,zhanjuxianxuediweidezhuyaoshixifangdegezhongwenhuasichao,ermianyanshuqianniandezhongguochuantongwenhuaquebeiyouyiwuyidihushile。duici,mengxixianshengyouxinbuyi。1988nian6yue,tafengdiaolaidaozhongguoyishuyanjiuyuan,lijizheshoujianlizhongguowenhuayanjiusuohechuangban《zhongguowenhua》zazhi。

  《zhongguowenhua》yi“shenyanzhonghuawenhua,chanyangchuantongzhuanxue,tanjiuxueshuzhenzhi,zhongshirenwenguanhuai”weizongzhi,yiqiecongxueshuchufa,tichangdulideziyoudexueshuyanjiu,dujuemenhuzhijian,guangnabaijia,youjiesifang。

  《zhongguowenhua》chuangkan20zhounianzhishi,mengxixianshengzaijingchengzhaojiguoyigexueshuyaji,yangzhenning、hezhaowu、tangyijie、ledaiyun、fengqiyong、daiyi、lixueqin、lizehou、yudunkang、fanceng、chenpingyuandengyizhigaodupingjiazheibenteshudexueshukanwu——

  tangyijieshuo: “zai1949nianyiqian,nenggouzaizhongguoliuxiayingxiangdeyibenzazhi,shishiyusuode《jikan》……mengxizheibenzazhibanleershinian,conglishikanlai,zheishiyibenkeyiliuxialai,rangdajiacankaodezhongyaozazhi。”

  lixueqinshuo: “《zhongguowenhua》zhisuoyiwei《zhongguowenhua》zhe,jisusaichexiangzheishiyouyutadewenhualixiangherenwenxionghuai。《zhongguowenhua》queshishiyibenjuyoudutexueshufenggehexueshugexingdekanwu。”

  daiyishuo: “zheigekanwuyouteshudexueshupinge,zaijisusaichejintianzheigeshehuilibian,bijiaoshao,keyishuofengmaolinjiao。bushoushehuifengqideyingxiang,bubeiguanchangshichangsuozuoyou。jisusaichehenxihuankan,meicilailejisusaichedoukan。”

  dongxiuyushuo: “yigezazhidexingge,jiushizhubiandexingge。jisusaichekan《zhongguowenhua》deershinian,jiushikanliumengxidexingge。yige,shitadidiao,zheigezazhiyeshizheigefengge。duizheigezazhi,jisusaichedeganshoushi,taxueshu,tamingshi,haiyouyigeshitaxingqing。zheijibenshimengxidexingge。”

  zheixiexueshudajiakeweiyanzhibuxu。《zhongguowenhua》bukuishiyifangyouyiwuer、shenjupinweidexueshuchuanboyuandi。mengxixianshengzuoshiyiruzuoxuewen,tademingyanshi: yaomebuzuo,zuojiuzuohao。yizhiyu《zhongguowenhua》meiyiqidefengmianfensehechayeanpai,tadouhuiqinzidongshou。

  zhuomociwenruheshouweizhishi,huranshoudao《wenxuan》xuemingjia、guangxishifandaxuejiaoshoulizhixianshengjiuzhuogaoxielaideyiduandianjingzhibi,kanweizhuogaozhishenghuayan——

  zongeryanzhi,mengxixianshengbujinxueyangshenhou,erqieshilixili、shuweishanduan。qisuoyinengzoujin20shijixiandaixueshudashixuewenshijiezhishenchu——youqishiwang、chen、qian、made,suiyouwaizaidedongyin,shiyiguanhuqineizaizhi“qianyuan”。ertongguozheixiedashisuozhuzhi“qiaoliang”,xianshengjinguangengzhongyaodeshizouxiangjisusaicheguodegudai,randashimenkanwentideshijieshijiaoyuguojixingdejiaose,jiqi“yijidadezhenhanheqishi”。yinzhi,xianshengduijisusaicheguowenhuadejianshouyuchuanchengzhilichang,bujinjiyujiuzhonghuayiguanzhonghua,yiyuanhuqifangyanyuyuwaizhiwenming。yongxianshengdehuashuo,ji“xuewendedabeijing,shirenleizhenggedesiweichengguo”。wang、chenerxianshengfenbierushishuo: “tianbuyuwangzhongguozhixueshu,zeyuxueshusuojizhiren,biyinerduzhi”;“zixidashijuzi,qiguanyuminzushengshuaixueshuxingfeizhe,bujinzainengchengxuxianzhejiangzhuizhiye,weiqituomingzhiren,eryouzainengkaituoxueshuzhiquyu,buqianxiusuoweidai。guqizhuzuokeyizhuanyiyishizhifengqi,ershilaizheyiguizeye”。zaibizhekanlai,xianshengziranshichengdeshang“xueshusuojizhiren”erjuwenhuatuomingzhidanfuzhe。congmouzhongyiyishangshuo,qibenshenbianshidangdaizhongguochuantongwenhuayanjiulingyuzhiyidutede“xueshugean”。(zuozhe: tangxubo,zhuyou《tangbingzhengxianshengbiannianshiji》deng,bianyou《chucijiangzuo》deng。)

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