极速赛车

今天是
勤廉先锋
勤廉先锋
罗宗强: 文学的美 思想的光

luozongqiang(1931—2020),jisusaicheguogudaiwenxueyanjiulingyuzhumingxuezhe,zujiguangdongjieyang。takaichuanglezhongguowenxuesixiangshideyanjiufangfayuxuekefangxiang,xianhouronghuoshoujiezhongguogaoxiaorenwenshehuikexueyanjiuyouxiuchengguoyidengjiang、dierjiesimianyuanchuangjiang。tade《weijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangshi》《suitangwudaiwenxuesixiangshi》《mingdaiwenxuesixiangshi》,kanchengzhongguowenxuesixiangshiyanjiudejingdianzhizuo;《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》《mingdaihouqishirenxintai》《duwenxindiaolongshouji》《lidulunlve》《tangshixiaoshi》《yinyuanjubieji》,yishijuyouguangfanyingxiangdexueshujingpin。

  甘 泉

  1931nian2yue,luozongqiangxianshengchushengyuguangdongshengjieyangxianrongchengzhen,shaonianshiqicengruhuajiachenwenxihehuangdufengzairongchengkaibandeguohuayanxiban,jieshouzuichudeshenmeijiaoyu。nianchuzhongshi,youdedaoguodushixianshengdewenxueqimeng。guoxianshengrangtabeisongwangshifude《xixiangji》he《tangshisanbaishou》,yindaotayueduhufengde《lunminzuxingshiwenti》。shaoniandeluozongqiangbujinlinghuidaowenxuezhimei,haizhidaozhei“mei”liyunhanzhexuduosixianglilunwenti。

  1951nianqiu,zongqiangxianshengkaorudangshidenanfangdaxueguowenxi,bujiubianbeipaiwangzhanjiangzuochengshigongzuo。1953nianchunbeidiaodaohainandao,zaiyigexiangjiaozhongzhichanglizuojihuatongjigongzuo。

  raner,gongzuodebuduanbianhuanhezhanzhuanqianxi,bingweigaibianzongqiangxianshengduiwenxuedereaihexiangwang。1956nianqiu,pingzheduiwenxuedeaihao,takaojinnankaidaxuezhongwenxi。

  zainankaiyuan,zongqiangxianshengcongbenkedaoyanjiusheng,yidujiushi8nian。congxianqindianjidaojinxiandaiwenxuezhuzuo,fanshitushuguanliyoude,tadouzhaolaidu,bingzuoledaliangdedushubijihekapian,daxialejianshiguangbodexuewengendi。

  nankaiqiuxueqijian,youliangweilaoshiduizongqiangxianshengyingxiangzuida。yiweishinankaidaxuezhongwenxiyuanzhurenlihelinxiansheng。ketangshang,lihelinxianshengyiziyijudijiangshouluxunde《yecao》,bingyiyizhichuleisidejuzihesixianghaichuxianzailuxundenaxiepianmuzhong。lihelinxianshengdui《luxunquanji》delanshuchengdulingrenjingya,taneizhongzhengzhirengeheyanjinxuefeng,duizongqiangxianshengrihoudexueshuyangcheng,qizheshifenguanjiandezuoyong。zaiyiweishiwangdajinxiansheng,tajiaodaoxueshengzuoxuewenyinggaijubeiguangbodezhishi,guangfanyueduyuanzhu,xiewenzhangbunengyinershoucailiao,youyifencailiaoshuoyifenhua。zheiyidianrangzongqiangxianshengzaihoulaideyanjiugongzuozhongshouyifeiqian。

  1964nian,zongqiangxianshengyanjiushengbiye,beifenpeidaojiangxigannanshifanxueyuanrenjiao。xuexiaotushuguanzangshuyouxian,tadaiqudedaliangshujizai“wenge”zhongbeichaozou,zhiliuxiayibu《luxunquanji》。neiduanshijian,zongqiangxianshengchulelaodonghesixianggaizaowai,bianshifanfudu《luxunquanji》,congzhongjiqujingshenliliang。

  neishi,zongqiangxianshengchangzaijiangxigannandequnshanzhongbashe,zaizhiyouwuliugexiaoxueshengdeshancunxuexiaolitinglaoshijiaohaizimenxuepinyin。taxiangbumingbai,zheiyutasuoxuedeyanjiushengzhuanyeyoushenmelianxi。buguoneimaomishanlin,neikongshanqiuye,neipinqiongrenmin,rangtananyiwanghuai。shengshengbuxideshengming,wuchubuzai,zheizhongjingshenshizhichengtaduguoneiduanjiannansuiyuede“ganquan”。

  1975nian,zaijiangxigannanshenghuochujingjiannanyichangzhishi,zongqiangxianshengyiwaishoudaodiaowangnankaidaxuegongzuodetongzhi,yuanlaishitongchuanghaoyoukantariziguodejiannan,zhengdexuexiaotongyi,xiangbanfajiangtadiaohuimuxiao。errunankai,zaicizoujinshuxidenankaiyuan,manbuzaikaikuodedazhonglushang,zongqiangxianshengyinyueyugandaorenshengjiangchuxianzhongdazhuanji。zhenshinankai,nankai,yuenanyuekai!duikunnanshikejiyubangzhudehaoyouhemuxiao,tadeganjizhiqingnanyiyanbiao。

  奋 斗

  zhongfannankai,zongqiangxianshengxianzainankaixuebaogongzuo,ranhoudaozhongwenxirenjiao,tazheishiyijingrenguozhongnian。

  shushenglaoqu,jihuifanglai。zongqiangxianshengjiabeizhenxizheidelaibuyideshiji,wangwangshibaitianshangbanheshangke,wanshangxianliaolijiawu,jiudianyihoucainengzuoxialaijinxingyanjiuhexiezuo,zhidaolingchenersandian,shaoweitangyihuier,qingchenliudianzuoyouyoudeqichuang,meitianzhishui4gexiaoshi。

  jiuzheiyang,jinyongyinianshijian,zongqiangxianshengjiuwanchenglezijidediyibuzhuzuo《lidulunlve》,1980nianyouneimenggurenminchubanshechuban。《lidulunlve》duitangdailiangweidashirenlibai、dufudewenxuesixiang、chuangzuofangfa、yishufenggehebiaoxianshoufa,zuolequanmianshenrudebijiaofenxihepiping。

  zaixiezuo《lidulunlve》detongshi,zongqiangxianshengkaishileduizhongguowenxuepipingshideyanjiuyusikao,changshiyunyongzhongguowenxuesixiangyanjiudexinfangfa,tansuoxuekefazhanxinfangxiang。taxianconggudaiwenlunrushou,xuandingqi、fenggu、xingji、yijing、shenyun、shenxing、gediaodengshiduogefanchou,soujiledaliangdexiangguanziliao。keshi,zhengdangtaduizheixieziliaojinxingguinazhengli,liqiucongzhongzhaochuyanbianxiansuo,yikaochatamengezidelilunneihanhetezhengshi,queyudaolekunnan。yinweimeigewenlunfanchoudetichuheyanbian,douyoudangshiwenxuechuangzuodeshijihewenxuesichaoweibeijing,likaijutidelishiwenhuayujing,lilunfanchouhuoshuyubianchenglehanyibumingdezhiyanpianyu。ruguobunongqingchugurendezheixiezhiyanpianyushizaishenmeqingkuangxiashuochulaide,jinpingxiandaiwenyililundekuangjiabatamenguinadaoyiqi,shijishangjiushinagudaidewenxuepipingcailiaoweixiandaiwenxuelilunzuozhujie。zheishiyizhongfuzaodexuefeng,jishibawenzhanghuozhuzuoxiechulai,yebuhuiyoutaidajiazhi。

  zongqiangxianshengjuexinfangqiyiwangzhongguowenxuepipingshidechuantongyanjiufangfa,zhuanerjinxinggengtiejinwenxuechuangzuoshiji、gengnengfanyingtedingshiqiwenxuepipinglishiyuanmaodewenxuesixiangshiyanjiu。tadezhongguowenxuesixiangyanjiushicongsuitangwudaikaishide,zheishiyigewenxuechuangzuogaodufanrong、wenxuesixiangshifenfengfu、chengxitongdewenxuelilunpipingxiangduijiaoweiboruodeshiqi。

  genjuyanjiuduixiangdeshijiqingkuang,zongqiangxianshengrenweibixucongdangshiwenxuechuangzuoqingxiangdebianhualaikaochawenxuesixiang,yuwenxuelilunpipingxiangyinzheng,zheishitazaidutangdailishiziliaodetongshi,dubiansuoyounenggoukandaodetangrenwenjihouxingchengdekanfa。

  zaisuitangwudaiwenxuesixiangshideyanjiuzhong,zongqiangxianshenghaifaxianleyixiedaiyoupubianxingdewenti: shouxian,wenxuesixiangdefazhanshitongguozhujiande、manzhangdeyanbianwanchengde。yizhongwenxuesixiangchaoliudechuxian,tademengya,zaishangyigewenxuesichaoli,ertadeyubo,zecunliuzaixiayigewenxuesichaozhong,qijianchangchangyouyigeguoduqi。qici,wenxuesichaodeyanbianyuzhengjudeguanxishifenmiqie。zhongguogudaideshirenzuojia,tamendechushiherushi,yuzhengjuyouzheqiansiwanlvdelianxi,tamendewenxueguannianbukebimiandiyaoshouzhengjubianhuadeyingxiang。zuihou,wenxuelilunpipingdechengjiuhewenxuechuangzuoshijibingbudoushiyizhide。yixietixipangdayanmidewenxuelilunzhuzuohejiaoweixitongdeshilun,duidangshishigechuangzuochaoliudezouxiangbingweichanshengmingxiandeyingxiang,daoshiyixiejinhukouhaodezhuzhang,zaiwenxuesichaodeyanbianguochengzhongqizhetuidongzuoyong。

  1986nian,《suitangwudaiwenxuesixiangshi》youshanghaigujichubanshechuban,biaozhizhenankaidushuyizhidezhongguowenxuesixiangshixuekeyanjiutixidechengli。zongqiangxianshengrenwei,wenxuesixiangyanjiudeguanjian,zaiyujinkenengzhunquemiaoshuchutedingshiqiwenxuesixiangfazhandeyuanmao。wanquanhaiyuanlishishibukenengde,danjinkenengdijiejinlishidezhenshiqueyoukeneng,zheixuyaofuchujidadejinglihenaixin,duishiliaozuoquanmianrenzhendeqingli。chushishu、zishu、jingzhuwai,haixuanshijianshunxuyibuyibudidubieji,tongguoziliaodequanmianyuedu,xingchengzijideyinxiangbingjiayizongjie,juebuxiangxintarenganjue,yebuxiangxinershouziliao。zhiyouzaijinliangmiaoshuchulishidezhenshimianmaozhihou,caiyoukenengduiwenxuesixiangdeshifeiquzhizuochujiaoweigongyundepingjia。

  精 进

  jiaotashidi、renzhenwushidezhixuetaidu,buduanjinqu、yongyuchuangxindekaituojingshen,xingchenglezongqiangxianshengdexueshuyanjiutese。zaijinxingweijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangdeyanjiuzhong,tafajue,yigeshidaidezhexuesichao、wenrendeshengcunzhuangtaihexinlizhuangtai,yeshizhiyuewenxuesixiangfazhandezhongyaoyinsu,zheiyinqiletazhuanmenyanjiushirenxintaidexingqu。

  tongguoduiweijinshiqishirenshengcunzhuangtaihexinlulichengderenzhenyanjiu,zongqiangxianshengrenwei,xuanxuesichaoqilaizhihou,gaibianleyidaishirendeshengcunzhuangtai,gaibianletamendezhiqu、xingweishenzhipinge,zheiyidianduiyuzhongguowenxuesixiangfazhandeyingxiangzhiweishenyuan。gengzhongyaodeshi,zhexuede、lishide、shehuizhengzhidezhongzhongwaibuyinsuduiwenxuesixiangdeyingxiang,shitongguoshirenxintaiweizhongjieershixiande。

  duishirenxintaideyanjiu,bujinkeyidatongwenshizhedejiexian,gengkeyiduiminzuwenhuadeshenmeixinli、duizhongguorendeshengmingqingdiaojimeigan,yougengquanmian、gengqieshidebawohetihui。zaixiezuo《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》yishushi,zongqiangxianshengshitushuomingxuanxuesichaoyushirenxintaibianhuadeguanxi,tantaoshirenxintaidebianhuaruheyingxiangtamendeshenmeiqingqu,yingxiangtamendewenxueticaixuanze,shenzhiyingxiangdaowentideyanbian。

  zongqiangxianshengcongzheixiefangmian,duijikang、ruanji、taoyuanmingdengzuojiadechuangzuohesixiangzhongxinjinxingshenshi,duixijinshifengyudongjinxuanyanshizuochuxindechanshi,duixuan、shiheliudeyiyiyuyichongfenzhongshi。zheiyangyilai,wenxuesixiangshideyanjiuyushirenxintaishideyanjiuyejiumibukefenle,baxizhiruweideshenmeixinlifenxiheyishizhengweijichudeyanmisibianjiehezaiyiqi,rangrenjikeyilingwudaoyishuxiangshoudemeigan,younenghuodeqingxisibiansuoyinqidelixingyuyue。

  《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》yu1991nianyouzhejiangrenminchubanshechubanhou,xuanjihuodeguangfanhaoping,《renminribao》《dushu》he《wenxueyichan》zazhidoukanfashupingyuyikending。

  zhouguolinxianshengzai《du〈xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai〉》lishuo,zheibuxueshuzhuzuo“jiyougaowujianlingdezhengtichanfa,youyouxiniruweidegeanfenxi,jichongmannonghoudesibiansecai,youjianjuqiangliedeshizhengjingshen”。

  wuxiangxianshengzai《wunaidehuihuang》zhongshuo: “zheishiyibufeichangjingcaideshu,shi‘yingrenxin’deshu,shiyousuojiandeshu。duzheiyangdeshu,queshi‘gandaojidademanzu,jiyouyizhongyishuxiangshoudemeigan,youdedaosibianqingxisuoyinqidelixingdeyuyue’。”

  shirenwenhuabubuzhangdewangmengxiansheng,yezaitiwei《mingshifengliuyihou》dewenzhangzhong,chengzan《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》duiweijinshirenxintaidelunxi“henbiezhi”。tashuo: “jisusaicheyijinghaojiumeiyouduguozheiyangyouquyouyouhuose、youjiandideshule。”

  fuxuancongxianshengzai《zouxiangchengshudesikao——duluozongqiang〈xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai〉》lishuo: “tadezhuzuodewenshi,zonghuishirenganjuedaoshizaizhenggeyanjiudejinchengzhonghuachuyidaoxian,mingxiandibiaozhichuyanjiucengcidetigao。”

  xueshuyanjiushiyixiang“tilihuo”,yaozhushuerlishuo,feiouxinlixuebuke。zai《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》chanshenghongdongxiaoyinghoudeyitianshenye,zongqiangxianshengxiangwangchangyiyangqingdengtanshu,turanhunshentengdemaoxuhan,pazaishuzhuoshangqibulaile。shimugandaodazhonglupangdeshiyisushe,qiaomentongzhishicongtaduoniandedizi。jisusaicheyouqiaokaizhuzaitongloudexiaogongdemen,jieleyiliangpojiudesanlunche,dingzhemantianxingdouhehanfeng,zhizhiyayadijiangxianshengsongwangtianjinzongyiyuan。

  zongqiangxianshengdeshentibingbuqiangzhuang,dangtaquanshenxintouruyanjiuhexiezuozhongshi,jingchangaoyedoumeishi,danmeidangyibuzhongyaozhuzuowangaozhihou,juedekeyisongkouqile,tawangwanghuibingshangyichang。

  《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》zhishizongqiangxianshengyanjiuweijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangdefuchanpin。tadelingyibuduandaiwenxuesixiangshizhuanzhu《weijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangshi》,congdongbidaowancheng,zhengzhengyongle10nianshijian。houyibuzhuzuowanchenghou,nianjieqishidezongqiangxianshengjilaochengji,niangchengzhongzhengjiwuli,heshuidouwufaxiayan。

  dizimenxiangbanfabazongqiangxianshengsongdaoshoudoudebeijingyiyuan。zaixueshenghejiarendepeihuxia,tajijipeihezhiliao,zhongyujingshouzhubingtongdezhemo,yinglailelingrenjingxidekangfuyupingan。

  zongqiangxianshengbujinchuangzaolewanqiangdeshengmingqiji,yezaisuihoudemaodiezhinianli,chuangzaoleneiyidaixuerenxueshujingjindeqiji。

  境 界

  zongqiangxianshengdexueshuyanjiushizai“zhitianming”dehoubanshengcaizhankaide,kefenweilianggejieduan: yishicong50suidao70suideqianershinian,ershicong70suidao90suidehouershinian。qianershinian,tadiandinglezhongguowenxuesixiangshiyanjiudejibengejuhexuekefazhanfangxiang,xiechulezuyichuanshidejingpinlizuo。houershinian,tayiranlaodangyizhuang、bigengbuchuo,luxuchubanzhuanzhusanbu——《mingdaihouqishirenxintaiyanjiu》(nankaidaxuechubanshe2006nianban)、《duwenxindiaolongshouji》(sanlianshudian2007nianban)、《mingdaiwenxuesixiangshi》(shang、xia)(zhonghuashuju2013nianban);lunwenjiliangbu——《yinyuanji》(nankaidaxuechubanshe2004nianban)、《wanxueji》(nankaidaxuechubanshe2009nianban);lunwenxuanjiliangben——《dangdaimingjiaxueshusixiangwenku·luozongqiangjuan》(beijingwanjuanchubanshe2010nianban)、《yinyuanjucungao》(fudandaxuechubanshe2016nianban)deng。nianguoqixun,hainengyourucihouzhongfengshuodechengguo,chongfenzhanshilezongqiangxianshengziqiangbuxidexueshujingjinzhilu。

  zuoweizongqiangxianshengqianershinianzhongguowenxuesixiangshiyanjiudesikaohezongjie,21shijichufabiaode《luozongqiangxianshengfangtanlu》qiangdiaolesandian: yishizhuiqiuzhenshidelishihaiyuan,ershiguanzhurenzhixingqing、gexingdeshirenxintaiyanjiu,sanshihuidaowenxuezishendeshenmeipanduan。

  zongqiangxianshengweizheipian“fangtan”shedingleyigezhangbiaoti: “ziqiangbuxi,yi;renziran,nan。xinxiangwangzhi,erlibunengzhi。”tazaifangtanzhongshuo——

  “xianzaijisusaicheyiqishierle,yirankeyikekufendou,pingzijideaihao,chaozhejidingdemubiaoriyegongzuo,jisusaichezijijuede,ziqiangbuxishizuodaole,keshiyaozuodaorenziranquefeichangdenan。renziranshishenmeni?jiushibuyiwuxi,buyijibei,suiyueran,bushouwaijieganrao,baochiwanquanpingjingdexinjing,zheibushineimerongyizuodaode。”

  you“ziqiangbuxi”yanshenchulaide“renziran”,keyishuo,shiyizhongyushijujindexueshujingjie,tatixianzaizongqiangxianshenghouershiniandeyixilielunzhuli。ruguoshuoqianqide《suitangwudaiwenxuesixiangshi》《weijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangshi》,pianzhongyuyong“chunwenxue”deguannianlaiguanchahehenglianggudaiwenxuesixiang;neimehouqide《mingdaiwenxuesixiangshi》,zenengzaijianchichunwenxuebiaozhundetongshi,jiangushuyu“zawenxue”deyingyongwenti,jiangwenxueshenmeipingpanyujiangqiushiyongdewenzhangxuexiangtibinglun。

  zaiwannianzhuzuo《duwenxindiaolongshouji》li,zongqiangxianshengyouliangpianwenzhangtanliuxiede“zawenxue”guan,ji《shi〈zhangbiao〉pian“fengjuyingming”yu“gucaiyiyao”——jianlunliuxiedezawenxueguannian》he《shi“ruxingguixian”——jianlunliuxiedezawenxueguannian(zhier)》。tayiwei,“zailiuxiedewenxuesixiangzhong,bujincunliuyouxueshuweifenshidewenzhangguan,erqieyouwenxuedulichengkeguochengzhongzhubuzhankaideduiyuwenxueyishutezhidezhuiqiu。”liuxiede《wenxindiaolong》wentilun,chulefenbieticai、wenleiwai,gengzhongyaodeshitimaodemiaoxiehefenggedebianxi,houzheyuwenxuehewenxuesixiangdeyanjiulianxigengweijinmi,yegengxianzhongyao。

  zongqiangxianshenghouershiniandezhongguowenxuesixiangshiyanjiu,shiqianyigejieduandeziranyanshen,miqieguanzhuxuejiedeyanjiudongtaihexuekefazhanqushi,juyou“yushijujin”detese,erguanchuanshizhongdeshidui“wenxue”benyuanwentideshenrusikao。tazai《guwenlunyanjiuzashi》zhongshuo——

  “wenxueshishenmeni?tashiyigeyonghengbubiandegainian,haishiyigelishidegainian?shiyigeyangeguifandegainian,haishiyigedanxingdegainian?congtadexingtaikan,congchuangzuodedongyinkan,congtadeshehuijiaosekan,tadetezhishishenme?wenxuedeshehuijiaose,yutadegongnengshibushitongyigegainian?tadegongnengshizizaide,haishishouwaijiezhuyinsujuedingde?zaixiandaikejixunmengfazhandejintian,tadegongnengyucunzaijiazhiyoumeiyoushoudaoyingxiang?yinggairuhejitadingwei?tadeshehuidejiaose,congbutongdecengmiankan,youmeiyoubutong,rucongzhengquandecengmiankan,congshequdecengmiankan,congjieshouzhedecengmiankan,youmeiyouqubie?zuoyouwenxuedegouchengyinsushishenme,wenxuepipingdebiaozhundengdeng,haikeyitichuyixiliewenti。”

  zongqiangxianshengrenwei: “yaojianliyouzhongguotesedewenxuelilun,haiyouyigezhuguantiaojiandewenti。yaodanfujianlicizhonglilunderen,zhishaobixuduigudaiwenxue、gudaiwenlunyoushenrudelejie;duiguoneiwaiwenxuelilundeyanjiujinzhanleruzhizhang;duijisusaicheguodangdaiwenxuechuangzuoshiji、duidangqiandeshehuiwenhuazhuangkuanghexuyaoyousuoyanjiu。erjisusaichexianzaicongshizheisangelingyuyanjiuderen,daduoduliyubenlingyuzhinei,jiantongzhejiaoweihanjian。yizhongxindelilundejianli,bushidankaojishucaozuosuonengbandaode,tashiduichuangzaozhexueshushuizhundequanmianyaoqiu……tamenzhongdeyixieren,bidangnengdadaozhongxijiantong、youzhashideguoxuegendi、yougaodudelilunsuyang、youzijidexueshusixiangdexueshujingjie。”zhiyoutongshijubeikaifangdeshijieyanguangheshenhoudechuantongsuyang,cainengzaifuxingzhonghuawenhuadeweiyezhongjianlijuyouzhongguotesedewenxuesixiangtixi。

  因 缘

  zongqiangxianshenghuidaonankaihou,yizhizaixiaoyuanlijuzhu,tabawannianzaixinancundezhusuochengzhiwei“yinyuanju”。yinyuan,yejiushisuiyuanzishi,nadeqi,haiyaofangdexia,yu“renziran”yisixiangjin。tatanyan: “congjisusaichegerendeaihaolaishuo,congduirenshengdeganwu、duirenshengdetiyanlaishuo,jisusaicheshifeichangxihuanzhuangzide。danrenziranfeichangnan,jisusaichezuobudao,wentizaiyujisusaichewangwangxinuxingyuse,aizengfenming,xihuanjiuxihuan,buxihuanjiubuxihuan,conglaibuguaiwanmojiao。yijisusaichedeqizhihexiguan,jisusaichedabudaozhuangzineizhonglixiangdejingjie,suoyizhinengshixinxiangwangzhi。lixianghuadedongxi,burongyizuodao;danzuoshiyaorenzhen,yaoyisibugou,queshijingguonulikeyizuodaode。”

  zongqiangxianshengshixingqingzhongren,youshirenqinghuaiheyishucaihua,duizhen、shan、meihenzhizhe;meishiziyoudexiangzheng,yishiqi“renziran”dejingshenjituo。ruguoshuotianxingjianer“ziqiangbuxi”defendoujingshen,zaitahoubanshengdexueshuyanjiuzhongyouchongfendetixian;neime“renziran”zeshiqijingshenshenghuodexinjinjing,juyourenshengjingjieyuxueshujingjiedeshuangzhongyiyun。zuoweirenshengjingjiede“renziran”,shiyiqiesuishunyinyuan,jinyuzhuangzizhuiqiudesuiyueran、pinghedandingdejingshenziyou,zhuyaojianzhiyutawannianneixiexieyiyiqing、youxibimodeshishuhuachuangzuozhizhong。shiyuhuadeguanxi,yejiushirenyuzirandeguanxi。

  jingguantiandiren,huibishishuhua。zongqiangxianshengwannianzaizuoxuewenzhiyu,changchangyishuhuaziyu,xihuantumodaxieyidehuaniaohuaheshanshuihua。tade《xieliyishanshiyitu》,yonglingdongbifahuafengzhongdeliutiaoheshuzhishangzhanlideliangzhixiaoniao。huadeyoushangfangzetixielishangyindeshiju: “yichunmengyuchangpiaowa,jinrilingfengbumanqi。”zairushanshuihua《hechusanjiacun》,yipomoranchucengcengdiediedeshanluan,yuyunwupiaomiaodehuamiantishangzijixiedeshi: “hechusanjiacun,jinribichaimen。huangjingshaoxingke,wurenwenchenhun。gudengyuqingjuan,yanjianshenyoucun。shanwaizuigewu,liluxiangzhuben。yaoyifuqitai,shirenkongxinhun。jiguaxiangyinyi,chengbairufupen。huidecizhongyi,wansuiyichengchun。”yiyouxibimoqianfayixing,yitishijituoqinghuai,jiangjiushiqingyuhuayideshuirujiaorong。

  congxiaozaishuhuayishufangmiandexiuyang,shizongqiangxianshengjuyoushifenminruizhunquedeshenmeipanduanli。tazai《jisusaicheyuzhongguogudaiwenxuesixiangshi》lishuo——

  “duiyuwenxuesichaofazhandeminruiganshou,zaihendachengdushang,yaoqiujubeishenmeidenengli。yigezuojia、yigeliupaidechuangzuo,meizainali,fanyingleshenmeyangxindeshenmeiquwei,naishiwenxuesixiangzhongzuiweihexindewenti。ruguozheiyidiandoubawobudao,neixiechulaidejiubuhuishiwenxuesixiangshi,ershiyibanyiyishangdesixiangshi。ruguobayipianmeidezuopinshulouguoqu,erbayipianbingbumeidezuopinnalaifenxi,bingqiebatashuodetoutoushidao,neijiuhuibawenxuesixiangshidemianmaoxiezouyangle。”

  zongqiangxianshengduimeideganshouguantongshishuhua。tarenwei,wenxuedebenzhitezhengshishenmeide,mianduishenmeiduixiang,yanjiuzhebunengwudongyuzhong,yinciwenxuesixiangyanjiudezhongxin,yinggaiyouyibandelilunpipingzhuanxiangwenxuezuopindeshenmeifenxi,zhuanxiangwenxuesichaodebianrenhebawo,zheixuyaominruideshenmeiganshounengli,buxiangyanjiulilunpipingneiyang,zhiyaozaicailiaoshulidejichushangjinxinglixingguinajiukedechujielun。zhongguowenxuesixiangshideyanjiuzhe,ruobunengganshouwenxuechuangzuoxianshichudeshenmeiqingxiang,bunengbawozuojiadutedeyishugexingjiqizuopinfengge,jiunanyibawobutongshiqiwenxuesixiangfazhandezhuchaoyudashi。(zuozhe: zhangyi,luozongqiangxuesheng,cenghuodisijiequanguogaoxiao“qingnianjiaoshijiang”,jiaoyubu“zhangjiangxuezhejianglijihua”tepinjiaoshou,nankaidaxue“jiechujiaoshou”。)

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